Top 10 Must-know German Words to Describe Your Daily Routine (2023)

Top 10 Must-know German Words to Describe Your Daily Routine (1)

By Top 10 Must-know German Words to Describe Your Daily Routine (2)gayatritribhuvan Last updated:

What’s the first thing you do when you get up in the morning?

Maybe you brush your teeth, put on the coffee or check the news.

Whatever it is, could you describe it in German?

There are a ton of interesting German verbs you can learn for talking about your daily routine, and mastering them is important whether you want to tell your friends a story about your day or need to explain to your boss why you’re late for work. But there’s another reason to learn them beyond vocabulary building.

The German words used to describe a daily routine carry some hidden grammar lessons that can seriously boost your language skills.

The goal of this post is to bring in some practical guidance on German verbs and grammar, using daily routine vocabulary as a vehicle.

We’ll provide some straightforward tutorials before diving into a rundown of essential daily routine verbs. Then we’ll bring it all together with an example daily routine.

So get up and get ready for a new day of German mastery!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)

Essential German Grammar You Can Learn from Your Daily Routine

Using Reflexive Verben (Reflexive Verbs)

Reflexive verbs are those that act on the subject itself. In English, this is demonstrated in the usage of the word “oneself.” For example: to look at oneself, to apply makeup on oneself, etc.

In German, the word “oneself” is equivalent to the word “sich.” So in the pure or infinitive form, the verbs that are reflexive would always have sich.If you look up the verb, the indication of sichin the infinitive is a clue that it’s reflexive.

Let’s have a closer look at reflexive verbs with a noteworthy example from our daily routine:sich rasieren(to shave oneself).The reflexive verb is composed of sichalong withrasieren(to shave).

When used in context,sichchanges to respective reflexive components such as mich(myself), dich(yourself, informal), sich(himself, herself, itself, themselves or yourself, formal), uns(ourselves) oreuch(yourselves).

The rasierenwould get conjugated like a usual German verb. In effect, this is how it would look:

ich rasiere mich (I shave myself)

du rasierst dich (you shave yourself)

er/sie/es rasiert sich (he/she/it shaves him/her/itself)

wir rasieren uns (we shave ourselves)

(Video) German vocabulary for your daily routine | + how to use them in a sentence

ihr rasiert euch (you all shave yourselves)

Sie/sie rasieren sich (you/they shave yourself/themselves)

Understanding Accusative vs. Dative: Look for Body or Clothing Words

What are the akkusativ(accusative) and dativ(dative) cases in German?

A casein general defines the relationship between the subject and object in a sentence. If the object is a direct object (i.e. an action is being done to it) then it’s accusative. Common akkusativ verbs(verbs that require the accusative case, a.k.a. verbs that take direct objects) in German are haben (to have), trinken (to drink), essen (to eat) andsehen (to see).

When the verb makes the subject perform an indirect action, the sentence takes a dative case in German. For example:

Ich gebe meinem Bruder einen Kuli. (I give my brother a pen.)

Here, the subject is Ich (I), the indirect object is meinem Bruder(my brother) because he’s receiving the pen, whileKuli (the pen) is the direct object. Without the indirect object, my sentence isn’t complete because there needs to be a dative noun that receives the accusative object Kuli. Common dativ verbs in German that act this way areschicken (to send) andschenken (to gift/give as a gift).

There is a second group of dative verbs though. The objects of these verbs are always in the dative. This isn’t because the object is receiving anything; these verbs just take dative objects because of how they act. Verbs that act this way include helfen (to help) and danken (to thank). For example:

Der Lehrer hilfst meiner Schwester. (I give my brother a pen.)

Now here’s where things get tricky. Reflexive verbs can work either as accusative or dative entities. This depends on whether there’s a body part indicated or not. When there’s a body part, it acts as the indirect object of the sentence, giving it a dative case. If there’s no body part, it gives the accusative effect of a direct action.

Let’s look at an example from our daily routine for a clearer understanding:

Sich waschen(to wash oneself) alone would be accusative. The conjugation would work as follows:

sich waschen (to wash oneself)

ich wasche mich (I wash myself)

du wäschst dich (you wash yourself)

er/sie/es wäscht sich (he/she/it washes him/her/itself)

wir waschen uns (we wash ourselves)

ihr wascht euch (you all wash yourselves)

Sie/sie waschen sich (you was yourself/they wash themselves)

But if I were to say sich die Hände waschen(to wash one’s hands), this would be dative, as the body part Hände (hands)acts as an indirect object.

(Video) Learn German | Tagesablauf | Daily routine | German for beginners | A1 - Lesson 38

sich die Hände waschen (to wash one’s hands)

ich wasche mir die Hände (I wash my hands)

du wäschst dir die Hände (you wash your hands)

er/sie/es wäscht sich die Hände (he/she/it washes his/her/its hands)

wir waschen uns die Hände (we wash our hands)

ihr wascht euch die Hände (you all wash your hands)

Sie/sie waschen sich die Hände (you wash your hands/they wash their hands)

As you’ll notice between these two examples,mich (me)changes to mir in the dative case,anddich (you)changes to dir in the dative case. The other reflexive pronouns are pretty much the same, except that the body part is the extra component in there.

The similar case of deciding between the accusative and dative cases occurs with verbs that include a piece of clothing.

When there’s a piece of clothing included for verbs like sich anziehen (to dress), it becomes dative,as the piece of clothing acts as an indirect object. So “I wear a dress” becomes“Ich ziehe mir ein Kleid an.”

But if the piece of clothing weren’t present, it would turn into an accusative case, such as I dress myself (Ich ziehe mich an).Similar verbs that follow this pattern are sich umziehen (to change clothes) andsich ausziehen (to undress).

Using Trennbare Verben (Breakable/Separable Verbs)

There are certain breakable verbs that play a fundamental role in describing your daily routine. Many of these verbs allow you to express your daily chores without involving too many words.

For example: if you consider the verb fernsehen(to watch television), it encapsulates the entire action of watching television, without actually having a separate word for “television” in it. The verb breaks into fernand sehen,where fernacts like a prefix and is placed usually at the end of the sentence.

The verb sehen(to see) takes the second place in the sentence, conjugated according to the subject depending on whether it’s ich(I), du(you), etc. It would look something like this:

Ich sehe jeden Tag fern. (I watch television every day.)

Du siehst jeden Tag fern. (You watch television every day.)

Er/sie/es sieht jeden Tag fern. (He/she/it watches television every day.)

And so on…

The most common prefixes in breakable verbs are: an- (at, being, onward, on, toward, to), auf- (on, open, out, up, un-), vor– (before, forward, pre-, pro) andaus– (out, outward, extended, completely, missing). You could find most prefixes and their interpretations with examples here.

There are quite a few words in the daily routine that could be a mix of reflexive and breakable verbs. For example, let’s look atsich ausruhen (to relax/rest oneself).

(Video) 1000 basic and useful German sentences for conversation

ich ruhe mich aus (I relax myself)

du ruhst dich aus (you relax yourself)

er/sie/es ruht sich aus (he/she/it relaxes him/her/itself)

wir ruhen uns aus (we relax ourselves)

ihr ruht euch aus (you all relax yourselves)

Sie/sie ruhen sich aus (you relax yourself/they relax themselves)

We now take a look at the top ten most commonly used grammar structures that a native German would use to describe his or her daily routine. Each word in the list below will be defined and its usage will be demonstrated with example sentences.

1. Aufstehen (To Wake Up)

Ich stehe normalerweise um 6 Uhr auf. (I usually/normally wake up at 6:00.)

2. Ausgehen (To Go Out)

Whether you’re off to the mall, grocery shopping, a romantic dinner date or a visit to your sick aunt, and don’t want to give out too much detail, this is the perfect verb to use to indicate you’re going to be out of your nest!

Wir gehen heute Abend aus. (We are going out this evening.)

3. Spazierengehen(To Go for a Stroll/Walk)

This verb can be used to say specifically that you’re taking a relaxing stroll in the park. This is a common daily routine activity among Germans, given many are physically active people who love nature.

Wir gehentäglich nach dem Mittagessenspazieren. (Every day we go for a walk after lunch.)

4. Einkaufen (To Go Grocery Shopping)

As you’ll notice, the complete activity has been fit into this handy verb. Without actually using the word “grocery” anywhere, it’s possible to explicitly convey the action of going to the supermarket and buying all that you need for your grub and your home!

Peter kauft jeden Samstag bei Lidl ein. (Peter goes grocery shopping every Saturday at Lidl.)

5. Sich die Zähne putzen (To Brush One’s Teeth)

Here you can notice how the verb can be used in a dative and accusative manner by including and excluding the body part, which is the teeth in this case.

Usage (dative,includes body part): Ich putze mir die Zähne nach dem Frühstück. (I brush my teeth after breakfast.)

Usage (accusative,without body part): Ich putze mich nach der Arbeit. (I clean myself after work.)

6. Sich duschen (To Bathe Oneself)

Ich dusche mich nicht täglich im Winter. (I don’t bathe every day in winter)

This verb can also be used in a non-reflexive manner. I could also say “Ich dusche nicht täglich nicht im Winter,” giving “mich” a miss, and it would still not be wrong.

7. Sich rasieren (To Shave Oneself)

Usage (dative,includes body part): Ich rasiere mir die Beinefür eine romantische Verabredung. (I shave my legs for a romantic date.)

(Video) Learn German For Daily Life 😎130 Daily German Phrases 👍 English German

Usage (accusative,without body part): Ich rasiere mich für eine romantische Verabredung. (I shave myself for a romantic date.)

8. Sich anziehen (To Dress Oneself/To Wear Something onto Oneself)

This is a classic case where all the three aspects come together—the reflexive nature along with it being breakable and by bringing in a piece of clothing (which is the jacket in this case), that acts as the indirect object, making it dative.

When the piece of clothing doesn’t come into the picture, it becomes an accusative sentence, making the action direct.

Usage (dative,includes piece of clothing): Du ziehst dir eine Jacke an. (You wear a jacket.)

Usage (accusative,without piece of clothing): Du ziehst dichsehr schickan. (You dress yourself very fashionably.)

9. Sich schminken (To Apply Makeup on Oneself)

Usage (dative,includes body part): Ich schminke mir die Augen vor der Party. (I apply makeup to my eyes before the party.)

Usage (accusative,without body part): Ich schminke mich vor der Party. (I put makeup on before the party.)

10. Sich ausruhen (To Relax Oneself)

Ich ruhe mich am Ende des Tages aus. (I relax at the end of the day.)

Example Routine Using Our New Vocab

Let’s take a look at how daily routine vocabulary can be used in real life! Before we dive in, let’s go over a few “add-ons” necessary to hold everything together, some of which you saw demonstrated in the examples above.

  • Zeitadverbien (Temporal/Narration Adverbs):These important adverbs include Zuerst (first), Dann (then) andDanach(after that). Using these adverbs gives structure to your sentences. It also gives volume to your narration and makes your routine sound less boring/robotic. They begin the sentence and are followed by a verb.

Zuerst stehe ich um 6 Uhr auf. (First, I wake up at 6:00.)

Dann dusche ich mich. (Then, I bathe.)

Danach putze ich mir die Zähne. (After that I brush my teeth.)

  • Time Phrases:In the German psyche and sentences, time plays an interesting role. It can be positioned anywhere in the sentence, either at the beginning, at the end or even in the middle. The common practice is citing it at the beginning. Some common phrases are:

Um “x” Uhr (At X:00, where X could be any number)

Nächste Woche (Next week)

Jedes Wochenende (Every weekend)

Jeden Montag, Dienstag… (Every Monday, Tuesday…)

Morgen (Tomorrow), Übermorgen (Day after tomorrow)

Consider Susie’s routine. She’s one busy woman! Let’s take a look at her busy life that pulls the above concepts together:

Susie steht um 6 Uhr auf. Zuerst putzt sie sich die Zähne, und dann duscht sie sich. Danach frühstückt sie, und zieht sich an. Sie geht um 8 Uhr aus, kauft um 9 Uhr ein. Danach kommt sie zurück nach Hause, und wäscht sich. Sie schminkt sich an, und geht auf einer Party um 20 Uhr.

Susie wakes up at 6:00. First she brushes her teeth and then takes a bath. Then, she has her breakfast and gets dressed. She goes out at 8 a.m. and does her grocery shopping at 9 a.m. After that she returns home and washes herself. She then applies makeup and leaves for a party at 8 p.m.

(Video) Daily Routines | Easy German 387

Phew! As you can see, learning your daily routine involves a lot of essential vocabulary and grammar. It’s hard work, but it’s worth the effort, as you get to express yourself commendably in German. There’s no other way around this nor some magical secret other than constant practice.

Incorporating this type of speech in conversations with your German friends or penpals would definitely be a good start to crack these grammar topics. So start right now, as it’s better late than never!

Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)


What words can you use to describe daily routines? ›

List of Daily Routine Examples
  • wake up.
  • have breakfast.
  • brush your teeth.
  • take a shower.
  • take a bath.
  • get dressed.
  • go to school.
  • study English.

What are common daily German phrases? ›

Start learning the most common German phrases

Guten Abend!: Good evening! Gute Nacht!: Good night! Wie heißt du?: What is your name? Willkommen!: Welcome!

What is an example of daily routine sentences? ›

After dinner I wash up, sweep the floor, and tidy up a bit. Then I make phone calls, mark my students' work, do the laundry. Then I go on Facebook, or watch TV until about 10.30 when my son comes home. We catch up on our day, and at about 11 o'clock I go to bed.

How do you describe daily life? ›

Everyday life, daily life or routine life comprises the ways in which people typically act, think, and feel on a daily basis. Everyday life may be described as mundane, routine, natural, habitual, or normal.

What are the 100 most common words in German? ›

100 most frequently used German words
  • der / die / das (def. art.) the; (dem. pron.) ...
  • und (conj.) and.
  • sein (verb) to be; (aux./perfect tense)
  • in (prep.) in [variation: im in the]
  • ein (indef. art.) a, an; (pron.) one (of)
  • zu (prep.) to, at; (adv.) too.
  • haben (verb) to have; (aux./perfect tense)
  • ich (pers. pron.) I.

How do I answer my daily routine? ›

How To Answer 'What Is Your Daily Routine? ' In An Interview?
  1. Discuss your morning routine. A morning routine usually involves how and when you wake up. ...
  2. Mention your daily activities. ...
  3. Describe your average day. ...
  4. Talk about your hobbies. ...
  5. Describe your evenings. ...
  6. Discuss your night routine.
Sep 6, 2022

How do I list my daily routine? ›

Here's an example of a daily routine for a mid-level professional:
  1. Wake up at the same time every morning.
  2. Go for a walk before breakfast.
  3. Eat breakfast and prepare for work.
  4. Commute, if applicable.
  5. Read emails and respond to correspondence.
  6. Review project plans and daily calendar.
  7. Work on projects.
  8. Take lunch.
Feb 3, 2023

What is basic knowledge of German? ›

A basic knowledge of German means a knowledge of German at proficiency level A1 of the “Common European Framework of Reference for Languages”. This includes being able to understand and use familiar, everyday expressions and very simple sentences (e.g. asking the way, when shopping etc.).

How many German words do I need to know? ›

In order to feel comfortable speaking German, you really only need to learn about 3,000 words. In contrast, being fluent in German is defined as understanding 10,000+ words.

How many German words can I learn in a day? ›

A better tactic is to learn 3-6 new German words every day and invest time in understanding them very well. This way, you can learn almost 2000 words a year - 5 words per day x 365 days = 1800+ new words. Think about it. Within 2 years, you will know enough words to communicate freely in any context.

Can you describe your daily routine in simple present tense? ›

Example Daily Routine:

I always wake up at 7:00 in the morning. I usually have breakfast at 7:30. I catch the bus to university at 8:00. I usually start studying at 8:30.

What are your daily routine Write at least five sentences? ›

1- I wake up at 6am in the morning and brush my teeth.
  • 2- Then I drink milk and eat breakfast before online classes. 3-After breakfast I get ready for my online school.
  • 4- Online school starts at 7:30 and ends at 2 after which I eat lunch. 5- After eating lunch I take rest . ...
  • 9- After studying I eat lunch at 8 o'clock.
Sep 15, 2021

What is the German lifestyle? ›

German people tend to be thrifty, be sensible, and respect one another's privacy, and they typically respect the structure and laws of society to an above-average degree. There is no place that this sense of 'order' is more apparent than in German business culture.

How do you describe time in German? ›

To tell the exact time in German, you name the hour first, followed by “Uhr” and the exact number of minutes. German uses the numbers from 0-12 for the first twelve hours of the day and continues to count from 13 to 24 o'clock for the second half.

What is a great daily routine? ›

Find a healthy activity that relaxes you, and then set aside sometime every day to do it as part of your daily routine. This could be journaling, reading an inspiring book, spending time with a pet, meditating, or simply taking a few minutes to remind yourself of everything that is going well in your life.

What is the biggest German word? ›

The longest word in the standard German dictionary is Kraftfahrzeug-Haftpflichtversicherung – which is the word for motor vehicle liability insurance. But at 36 letters, it's rather puny. Rechtsschutzversicherungsgesellschaften, a touch longer at 39 letters, is the language's longest non-dictionary word.

What is the hardest word to learn in German? ›

1. Eichhörnchen (Squirrel) Although squirrel is also tough to pronounce in English, it's a classic when it comes to difficult German words to pronounce. Many English speakers struggle, and some even consider this the hardest German word to pronounce.

What is the basic word order of German? ›

The basic German sentence order is SVO: subject, verb, object. The verb, the main verb or the conjugated part of the verb is always the second element of the sentence. If the subject does not precede the verb, main verb or conjugated part, it must follow it immediately.

What are some German filler words? ›

The 10 Most Popular German Filler Words
  • Also. If you'd like to continue an interrupted train of thought, you can use also (loosely translated as “so” here) as a good marker. ...
  • Doch. Doch is one of the most often-used German filler words. ...
  • Eigentlich. ...
  • Genau. ...
  • Sozusagen. ...
  • Ja. ...
  • Einfach. ...
  • Halt.
Jan 16, 2023

How do I say what's your name in German? ›

If you want to say “What is your name?” in German, you would either say, “Wie heißen sie?” (formal) or “Wie heißt du?” (informal). If you're wondering what that “ß” letter is, it's known as the “Eszett,” and is used to denote that the vowel or vowel combination that precedes it is long versus short.

What is your morning routine answer? ›

A morning routine is quite simply what it says. It's a set of habits or motions that you go through when you wake up. It helps to set your day up in the right way and can have some drastic effects on your focus and productivity. You could do anything from exercising and journaling to reading and meditating.

What is your daily routine essay? ›

Every day I get up early in the morning at around 5.30 a.m. I brush my teeth and wash my hands and face. After that I go to the nearest park with my father and do some physical exercises. When I come home, I take a bath and get ready for school. I have my breakfast and then go to school.

Can you describe your daily routine IELTS? ›

Well, in the morning, I get up early to have a light breakfast and hit the gym at about 8 a.m. After one hour of workout, I leave the gym club and go to the supermarket to buy food to prepare lunch and dinner. In the afternoon and evening, I go to my workplace and start working from until 21.00. p.m.

How do you describe your daily routine in an interview? ›

Interview Answers

I usually wake up at 7 am but on weekends I wake up at 9 am. Once I wake up, I stay in bed about 10 minutes before I get up. I wash my face and brush my teeth. After that I take a shower.

How do you describe your daily routine in simple present tense? ›

Example Daily Routine:
  1. I always wake up at 7:00 in the morning.
  2. I usually have breakfast at 7:30.
  3. I catch the bus to university at 8:00.
  4. I usually start studying at 8:30.
  5. I always have lunch at noon.
  6. I finish university at 4:15 in the afternoon.
  7. I sometimes go to the cinema with my friends in the evening.

How do you describe a routine in writing? ›

Ask yourself how you want the reader to feel about the routine.
In summary:
  1. Focus on how the character feels during the time.
  2. Give a sense of repetition and routine in your writing, don't just tell me about it.
  3. Do not linger on inaction, focus on highlights.
  4. Treat the entire period as one moment.
Feb 7, 2018

How do I explain my morning routine? ›

A morning routine is quite simply what it says. It's a set of habits or motions that you go through when you wake up. It helps to set your day up in the right way and can have some drastic effects on your focus and productivity. You could do anything from exercising and journaling to reading and meditating.

Do you think it is important to have a daily routine answer? ›

Definitely yes. Having a fixed daily routine for study is a crucial part of academic life and even for our future life. As a matter of fact, learning how to manage time is a very important skill for everyone of us, especially for some students.

What are 100 simple sentences? ›

100 Simple Sentence Examples, 100 Examples of Simple Sentence
  • I am appointed as an officer.
  • You have to link it.
  • She allow you to work.
  • They ensure for fair benefits.
  • He disposes the glass.
  • We punished by teacher.
  • Baby follow her mother steps.
  • In history resolution is major event.
Jan 6, 2022

Can you describe your daily routine in simple past tense? ›

I woke up at 6 a.m. I got freshen up and I put rice grains for birds which roamed around our house in that early morning. I looked that for about five minutes. Then I went to get ready for my college.

How can I write my daily routine paragraph? ›

I follow a simple routine in my daily life. I normally get up at 5:30 a.m. and make for morning walk. I spend about one hour in the field and do some exercises. Then I come back my home.

How do you describe a habit or routine? ›

Both habits and routines are regular and repeated actions, but habits happen with little or no conscious thought, whereas routines require a higher degree of intention and effort.

How do I describe my habits? ›

15 phrases for describing routines and habits
  1. I get up at 7am every day.
  2. I usually have toast/cereal/fruit for breakfast.
  3. I have a bath/a shower.
  4. I leave my house around 8.30.
  5. I drive/cycle/walk/catch the bus to work/school.
  6. I'm usually at work/school until 3pm.
  7. I pick the kids up from school.


1. 20 German Words for Everyday Life - Basic Vocabulary #1
(Learn German with
2. 30 Beginner German Words (Useful Vocabulary)
(Learn German with
3. Learn Top 200 German Words | Beginners | | Daily Used Words with Sentences
(Lingo German Guru)
4. How to say Happy Birthday in German I German Lesson for Beginners
(Speak Fluent German)
5. Day 4: 40/300 | Learn 300 German Words in 30 Days Challenge
(Learn German with
6. 110 German Words For Daily Life Conversations
(Learn German with
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Fr. Dewey Fisher

Last Updated: 01/20/2023

Views: 5757

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (62 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Fr. Dewey Fisher

Birthday: 1993-03-26

Address: 917 Hyun Views, Rogahnmouth, KY 91013-8827

Phone: +5938540192553

Job: Administration Developer

Hobby: Embroidery, Horseback riding, Juggling, Urban exploration, Skiing, Cycling, Handball

Introduction: My name is Fr. Dewey Fisher, I am a powerful, open, faithful, combative, spotless, faithful, fair person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.